Neuropathy is a type of pain that involves the nerves. Neuropathy results from nerve degeneration, pressure, inflammation or infection. There are several causes of neuropathy, including carpal tunnel syndrome, pinched nerves, spinal stenosis and pressure from spinal discs. Nerve pain management is individualized. Lifestyle changes including weight loss, regular exercise, and smoking cessation; and physical therapy can help relieve some types of pain. People with more significant symptoms may need medication or surgery to help relieve and manage pain.
There is no system for sending pain signals, so the nerve sends faulty signals when it is injured. The brain misinterprets these signals as pain that feels sharp, shooting, burning or hypersensitive. Other symptoms of nerve malfunction include tingling, numbness, intense itching, weakness and hypersensitivity to cold, heat, or vibration.